Lublin once served as one the most important centers of Jewish life, commerce, culture and scholarship in Europe. It had the world’s largest Talmudic school, Yeshybot. During the late 18th century, Lublin became a center for Hasidism. A great yeshiva, Yeshiva Hachmei Lublin (Jewish Rabbinical Academy), opened in June 1930 with 200 students. Lublin became famous all over the world by Isaac Bashevis Singer from its region, the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Singer described the Jewish life of the 19th-century’s reality in his well-known novel “The Magician of Lublin”.
Yeshiva which operated in Lublin from 1930 to 1940, at the time, one of the largest in the world is now a hotel and a home of small synagogue. Ya’akov Yitzhak Horowitz, buried on the nearby Jewish cemetery, known as The Seer of Lublin, was the most influential Hassidic leader in Poland in the 19th c. Lublin is now the administrative centre of the Lublin province, and the largest city in the Eastern Poland.
Lublin is an academic centre recognized in Poland and abroad, with five universities: Maria Curie-Sklodowska-University, Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin University of Technology, Medical University, and the University of Life Sciences.