The Stutthof camp was established by the German in September 1939 in a wooded area west of Stutthof (Sztutowo), a town about 22 miles east of Danzig (Gdansk). To the north of Stutthof there was the Bay of Danzig, to the east the Vistula Bay, and to the west the Vistula River, so the camp was isolated by its location. The camp was situated on a very wet land, almost at sea level, along the Danzig-Elbing highway, and on the way to the popular Baltic resort town of Krynica Morska.
Stutthof was at first a civilian internment camp under the Danzig police chief. It became a „labor education” camp, administered by the German Security Police in November 1941. I
n January 1942, Stutthof became a regular concentration camp.